Author(s): PV. Neeraja and Elizabeth Margaret*
Myristica fragrans Houtt, traditionally known as Jatiphal and Javitri in India, belongs to the family Myristicaceae is known for its flavour and therapeutic action since 18th centaury in alternative medicinal systems. It is a good body detoxifier, stimulates the brain. Ethanol extract shows antifungal, spasmolytic, carminative, hepatoprotective, antiviral, anticarcinogenic, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties. Nutritionally, nutmeg is rich in energy, carbohydrates, proteins and dietary fibre. Seed is a rich source of vitamins. It also contains electrolytes minerals and phytonutrients including carotene-B and crypo-xanthin . Myristica fragrans has a lot of industrial applications in liqueurs, soap production and cosmetics. This review article elucidates the information regarding the phytochemistry and pharmacological activity of the plant which provides the basis for further research.