Author(s): Rahul Agrawal1*and MM. Joshi2
Diabetes Mellitus refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia; and is major cause of avoidable blindness in both the developing and the developed countries. Patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) are 25 times more likely to become blind than non-diabetics. DR is a vascular disorder affecting the microvasculature of the retina. This prospective study was carried out on 610 diabetic patients. Detailed history and examination was carried out on all patients. Investigations and fundus examination was done. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy was noted in 145 (85.8%) patients, 7 (4.12%) patients had maculopathy and remaining 17 (10.06%) had proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The prevalence of retinopathy was 51.75% in patients with diabetes of more than 15 of yrs duration. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure has positive correlation with development of Diabetes retinopathy. Prevention is the most effectivemeasure to reduce the burden of complications from diabetic retinopathy. Most diabetic eye diseases can be successfullytreated if detected at early stage. Early detection and effective treatment in due time like laser photocoagulation is very effective in preserving the eyesight.