Author(s): Sabeeha Shafi* and Nahida Tabassum
Diabetes is silent killer that kills one person every 10 seconds.Indiais having the highest numberof diabetics in the world. The study of plants having antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activities gives a new approach in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.The study was carried out to evaluate the antidiabetic and hypolipidemic activity of ethanolic extract of fruits of Eriobotrya japonica (EBJF) in alloxan induced diabetic albino rats. Diabetes was induced inalbino rats by administration of alloxan monohydrate (120 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal route. Rats were divided into 6 groups of 6 animals each. Group I served as non-diabetic control, Group II as diabetic control, Group III received antidiabetic standard drug (10 mg/kg of glibenclamide). Group IV,V and VI received 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg b.w of EBJF. Blood samples were analysed for blood glucose on day 1,4,7 and day 10thand lipid profile was analysed on day 10. All the values are expressed as Mean+SEM. The resultswere subjected to statistical analysis using one-way ANOVA followed by students t test. p<0.01 was considered highly significant. The ethanolic extract of EBJF at the dose of 200 mg/kg body weight showed highly significant reduction in blood glucose and serum lipid profile levels in alloxan induced diabetic rats. It is concluded that ethanolic extract of EBJF is effectivein controlling blood glucose levels and in improving lipid profile in diabetic rats.