ISSN: 2249–9504
CAS CODEN: IJPCDX

AN OVERVIEW ON MENTHAE PIPERITAE (PEPPERMINT OIL)

Abstract

Author(s): Anupam KrSachan1*, Doli RDas1,MD. Shuaib2, Sudhir S Gangwar3and Ranjana Sharma3

Aetheroleum Menthae Piperitae is the essential oilobtained by steam distillation of the fresh overground parts of Mentha x piperita L. (Lamiaceae). It colourless, pale yellow or pale greenish-yellow liquid, The monoterpene content determined by gas chromatography should be 1,8-cineole (614%), limonene (15%), menthone (1432%), menthofuran (19%), isomenthone (210%), menthyl acetate (35%), menthol (3055%), pulegone. The major constituents are menthol (3055%) and menthone (1432%). Menthol occurs mostly in the free alcohol form, with small quantities as the acetate (35%) and valerate esters. Other monoterpenes present includeisomenthone (210%), 1,8-cineole (614%), a-pinene (1.01.5%), b-pinene (12%), limonene (15%), neomenthol (2.53.5%) and menthofuran (19%). Internally for symptomatic treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, and digestive disorders such as flatulence andgastritis dysentery, diabetes, dysmenorrhoea, fevers, jaundice, urinary infections. Externally for treatment of myalgia and headache.

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