ISSN: 2249–9504
CAS CODEN: IJPCDX

AN ASSESSMENT OF NATIVE PLANTS AND THEIR MEDICINAL USES

Abstract

Author(s): MN . Mhaiskar

Native plants provide basic needs of human beings such as food, shelter, clothes, medicine and ritual practices. They have nutritive value, durability, quality, delicious and palatable properties. They feed the insects; which in turn is the food of birds. They also maintain the biodiversity, climatic and ecological balance. They also contribute the nation’s income. In this present review article, the total 58 native plantspecies are enumerated. They belong to both dicotyledone and monocotyledone, majority of plants are dicotyledone. They are herbs, shrubs, trees and climbers. Family wise analysis revealed that Fabaceae is a dominant family with 12 species followed by Malvaceae with 5 species, Moraceae with 3speices, Polygalaceae, Apocyanaceae, Asparagaceae, Asteraceae, Meliaceae, Combretaceae, Rutaceae, Anacardaceae, Verbenaceae, Oleaceae, Arecaceae with 2species each andCommelinaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Rosaceae, Orchidaceae, Nelumbonaceae, Dipteraceae, Lamiaceae, Araceae, Musaceae, Rhamnaceae, Magnoliaceae, Santalaceae, Myrtaceae, Poaceae, Lythraceae and Sapotaceaewith1 species each. They are also used against diseases such as pain and inflammation, intestinal ulcer, diarrhea, cancer, sore throat, skin infections, diabetic, dysentery, nausea, toothache, lecoderma, fever, gonorrhea, snake bite, diuretic, emetic, digestion, stimulant, anthelmintic, leprosy, hysteria, epilepsy, cold, asthma, alexipharmic, pile, expectorant, bronchitis, abortifacient, dermatopathy, rheumatism, anorexia, jaundice, antifertility, vermifuge, leishmaniasis, laxative, antimalerial, appetite, astringent, eczema etc.aphrodisiac, tonic.

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