ISSN: 2249–9504
CAS CODEN: IJPCDX

PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME-CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

Abstract

Author(s): Sarika Nikam,MayuraChavanand PH. Sharma

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is psychoneuroendocrine disorder of unknown aetiology. Noticed in leuteal phase of menstruation. It is common in women aged between 30 to 45. PMS don’t have exact cause but some hypothesis are postulated likealteration in level of oestrogen and progesterone, low levels of vitamins and minerals, eating a lot of salty foods, which may cause you to retain (keep) fluid, drinking alcohol and caffeine, which may alter your mood and energy level. Diagnosis is possible by keeping menstrual diary it provides clues to helps women understand and cope with the changes. As PMS don’t have exact cause so its treatment also multifactorial. It includesvarious pharmacological & non pharmacological treatment to treat PMS syndrome.

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